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 Armorial

  In the section Armorial we put the part of known historical material about Getseviches coat of arms. We are collecting information. If you have something to tell, please send your materials.

The Getseviches coat of arms

Prototypes of the coat of arms  - different symbolic pictures that were put on military armor, banners, rings and other personal things were used in ancient times. In the works of Homer, Virgil, Plinius and other ancient authors we find the evidence of such signs usage. Legendary heroes and real historical persons, tsars and commanders, had personal emblems very often. Thus, Alexander Macedons helmet was decorated by sea horse (hippocamp), Achilles helmet was decorated by an eagle, Numibia tsar Masinis helmet was decorated by a dog. Shields were also decorated by different emblems, for example, by the picture of Medusa Gorgon cut off head. But these signs were used only as decoration, were changed by the owners, werent handed down and didnt follow any rules. Only some emblems of ancient islands and cities were used constantly on coins, medals and seals. The emblem of Athens was an owl, of Corinth Pegas, of Samos peacock, of the island Rhodes rose. And in these fact we can find the dawn of the state heraldry. Bright and vivid art of heraldry was developing in times of culture and economy decline in Europe after the Roman Empire destruction and with the statement of Christian religion when feudalism and hereditary aristocracy system appeared. The first coat of arms were placed on the seals to the documents and appeared in the 11th century. We should pay attention that in times of universal illiteracy the usage of coat of arms for signing and designation the property was the only way for many people to assure the document by the name.
Undoubted evidence of the heraldry existence appeared only after crusades. Congestion of feudal lords from different countries in one place, the necessity to know each other under the illiteracy and language barriers, to state their own name was the reason of the heraldry appearance and formation. The first English king who had a personal emblem was Richard the Lion Heart (1157-1199). His three golden leopards were used since that time by all royal dynasties of England.
Coat of arm is obliged not only to crusades but to knightly tournaments as well. We can say that the main permit to the tournament was the coat of arms that proved the high descent of the owner and his state in the family hierarchy. For the experts or heralds a coat of arms had all necessary information. Thats why the most important part of the tournament etiquette was coats of arms which were so numerous that there came the time to establish order in the sphere. Heralds systemized the knowledge about the coats of arms, worked out the general principles and rules of its composition and recognition and at last they created science heraldry.
Poland had its own different from other countries of Western Europe principle of coat of arms adoption that was based on the socio-political model of nobility. In other countries the coat of arms was assigned to one family and was handed down to the eldest branches of the family; younger branches had different lower variants. In Poland the coat of arms of some great feudal magnet was assigned not only to his family but to his vassals. When Poland conquered some lands the feudal who conquered them informed his heraldic emblems to new subjects. Polish gentlemen of that time used to speak about heraldic kinship, when the families not being in the blood kinship were united under the one coat of arms. The list of the people belonging to the one coat of arms included hundreds of surnames. There appeared the custom to tell together with the surname or nickname the coat of arms that is the reason fro many double surnames in Poland and Lithuania. The proper name of a coat of arms is the character feature of polish Lithuanian heraldry. The name of the coat of arms was given by the surname of magnet who owned the coat of arms, by the surname or nickname of the first person who applied the coat of arms, by the name of legendary hero who used it, by the figures or compositions on the coat of arms. If for some reason the composition of the coat of arms changed then it changed its name or there appeared new modification (the second, the third) of the previous one. There were cases when one and the same coat of arms had different names in different periods of time. There are different data on the number and types of the polish Lithuanian coat of arms. A.B. Lakier described and illustrated 200 polish Lithuanian emblems, V.K. Lukomsky and V.L. Modzalevsky - 134. In the book K.Nesetski Polish armorial there is the list of 505 names of polish coat of arms registered in the Armorial of Polish Kingdom. In 1892 the collection of the highest asserted diplomas of the coat of arms of polish nobility (not included into the Armorial of Polish Kingdom) in two volumes was published, there we find 196 coat of arms.

According to different sources we ascertained that Getseviches belonged to the five following coats of arms as minimum.
   

"Gazdava", private coat of arms that was used by more than 200 families of polish gentlemen of Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, Poland, including Gandlevskys, Korfs, Mitsuts, Nemiroviches, Podberezskis, Pats, Rumshs, Trizns, Xrapavitskies. On the red field there are two silver lilies turned up and down that are fortified by golden ring.

   over the top with the crown there is the illustration of the same lilies on the peacock tile.

   The variants of the coat of arms existed: with the 5 peacock feathers, with the shield divided in two parts, where in the high silver field there is black lily and in the lower black field there is silver lily. The coat of arms is known from the beginning of the 14th century.

"Daliva", private coat of arms that was used by more than 130 families of polish gentlemen of Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, Poland. On the blue field there is silver cross belt from the high left corner to the low right one, on the cross belt there are three red four- or five- petal roses.

two black ox horns, between them there are three roses: over each other. There is one more variant of it where the field is red.

The coat of arms appeared at the beginning of the 11th century. In the GPL it existed since the 15th century.

 

"Lubich", private coat of arms that was used by more than 500 families of Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, Poland, including Zhulevskies, Lopatinskies, Nezabutovskies, Radiminskies. On the blue field there is silver horseshoe with the ends down, there is golden cavalry cross on it, the other cross is in the middle of the horseshoe.

  over the crown top there are three ostrich feathers. There are variants of the coat of arms with the only silver cross, one over the other in the middle of the horseshoe.

It exists since the 14th century.

 

"Castesha", private coat of arms that was used by more than 200 families of polish gentlemen of Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, Poland, including Boreikis, Verachakis, Zhabus, Goloshevskis, Dorogostaiskies, Dolskies, Koputkovskis, Pilsudskis, Slanchevskis, Statkeviches, Hadkeviches, Shimkoviches.

It is known in Poland since the 14th century, in GPL since the 15th century.

On the red field there is the illustration of the arrow directed to the top and over crossed in the middle with the double end.

over the top with the crown there are three ostrich feathers. There are many variants of the coat of arms: the arrow with the two crosses or without them with the six ending stars on the sides, with the hand with the sword in and others.

 

 

        "Leliva", private coat of arms that was used by more than 350 families of Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, Poland, including Abramoviches, Olehnoviches, Gleboviches, Dorgostaiskies, Zaberezinskies, Manevedoviches, Sinyavskies, Toronovskies, Tushkeviches, Chapskies.

In the blue field there is golden moon with endsd down, over them there is golden six ending star.

over the crown top on the peacock feathers there is the same moon and the star. There are variants of coat of arms: with the red field; with the arrow that takes its beginning from the star,  3  ostrich feather, the moon with ends down, there is the star below.

It is known since the 14th century, in GPL it is known after the Gorodelskaya union of 1413.

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